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Knowledge and attitudes regarding the self-use of pain medications in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt
3 Internal Medicine Resident, Qatif Central Hospital, Qatif, Saudi Arabia
4 Anesthesia Resident, King Fahad Hospital, AlAhsa, Saudi Arabia
5 Radiology Resident, King Fahad Armed Forced Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
6 Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mawadah M Magadmi,
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JMAU.JMAU_47_20

Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the knowledge and attitudes of the population in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia regarding the use of over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study used an electronic survey questionnaire comprising 18 questions. An electronic survey was distributed through social networking sites during the period ?from November 1 to November 15, 2014, followed by data analysis. Results: Data from 1808 questionnaires were collected and analyzed. The results showed that 61' of the participants used analgesics without prescription; 67' used analgesics only for severe pain; 72' stated that analgesics could be administered with other medications; 68' reported that analgesics had an antipyretic effect; and only 1' reported that they had an anti-inflammatory effect. Further, 80' of the participants had the habit of reading drug product information and 77' were careful about the expiry date. Conclusions: The general population showed inadequate knowledge and attitudes toward OTC analgesics. Therefore, more programs to increase awareness and health education among patients are needed.

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